WASHINGTON, D.C.— Congresswoman Marcy Kaptur (D-OH), Ranking Democrat on the House Appropriations Energy and Water Subcommittee with jurisdiction over the U.S. nuclear weapons program, issued the following statement in response to news that international negotiators from the United States, United Kingdom, Germany, France, Russia, and China (P5+1) have reached a nuclear agreement with Iran:
“President Obama, Secretary Kerry, and Secretary Moniz are to be duly acknowledged for their doggedness and precision in negotiating major breakthroughs with Iran for rigorous, enhanced international inspections in the name of global nuclear security. Our goal is, and must remain, a world safe from nuclear terror. Achieving that goal requires at a minimum either a peaceful end to Iran’s nuclear program or an expanded window for international intervention if Iran’s program fails to prove peaceful. This must be a deal that ends, not just delays, Iran’s nuclear enrichment. Iran must also discontinue efforts todestabilize the Middle East and stop support for terrorist organizations both regionally and globally.
“This agreement strives to move Iran further away from developing a nuclear weapon. It could greatly reduce Iran’s stockpile and enrichment capability, and requires the conversion of the previously-secretive Fordo facility into a nuclear, physics and technology center. Even more importantly, this deal provides the continuous monitoring and oversight needed to verify Iran’s transition to a peaceful nuclear program. The world welcomes the opportunity to engage Iran with diplomacy, but our path forward must be marked by our vigilance and shaped by hard evidence.”
Under the terms of the agreement, known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), Iran reaffirms that under no circumstances will Iran ever seek, develop, or acquire any nuclear weapons. Iran will keep its uranium stockpile under 300 kg of up to 3.67 percent enriched uranium for a 15 year period, a significant reduction from its current 10,000 kg stockpile of low-enriched uranium and its highest enrichment levels approaching 20 percent. Iran will also phase out a significant number of centrifuges and other aspects of its uranium enrichment infrastructure. The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) will be allowed to monitor implementation of these provisions and add several additional transparency measures.
Rep. Kaptur is continuing to review the proposed agreement. She previously issued a statementsupporting a draft framework of the deal while cautioning that “our nation must be guided by President Ronald Reagan's admonishment: "Trust but Verify;" an even better saying for this deal would be "don't trust, verify."